Instrument on the Prevention and Settlement of Conflicts of Exercise of Jurisdiction in Criminal Law

In its decision of 8 January 2013, the ELI Council accepted the project proposal as a project to be carried out under the auspices of the ELI. Professors André Klip, Katalin Ligeti and John Vervaele were appointed as project reporters.

QUICK FACTS

Project Type: Instrument 
Procedure: Normal
Adopted: CD 2013/1 (on Projects) 
Project Period: January 2013
March 2017

Background

As cross-border crime grows, international and transnational criminal justice is often confronted with situations where various States have legitimate jurisdiction over the same case. This can result in both positive and negative conflicts of jurisdiction. Traditionally the exercise of jurisdiction was usually limited by a State’s territory. Today, however, it extends beyond the principle of territoriality. There is, therefore, a significant need in both international and European criminal law to identify the most appropriate jurisdiction in which criminal cases should be tried. This is necessary in order to avoid, on the one hand, multiple prosecutions of the same crime and, on the other hand, a failure to prosecute in any jurisdiction.

 

Outline

The project tackles one of the most important legal problems within transnational criminal law. It aims at developing a new legal framework for the prevention and resolution of conflicts of exercise of jurisdiction. The Working Group – which is composed of practitioners and academics in the private and criminal law domain from different EU countries – begun by carrying out a comparative study of different national provisions concerning conflicts of law in EU Member States. Based on the results of this work and also taking existing research into account, the Group conducted an analysis of the existing means by which conflicts of jurisdiction are prevented and resolved. Following that, the project moved onto the second, developmental stage in which a new legal framework was elaborated. While exploring the solutions to the problem of conflicts of jurisdictions in criminal law, the Group gave due consideration to the principles already used in that regard in the field of private international law.

In October 2013, the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg (FNR) confirmed that it would finance the project leading the way for work to commenced in November 2014. In addition to scientific research done by members of the Project Team and other members of the Working Group, four meetings were held to discuss the results of the scientific research and related practice and to elaborate upon the legal framework.

 

Objectives

This project aimed at elaborating a new legal framework for the prevention and resolution of conflicts of jurisdiction in criminal matters in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ). To arrive at the proposed new legal framework the project examined the following issues:

  • What should the objective of a statutory horizontal framework at European level be?
  • What type or types of measures are needed to prevent and settle conflicts of jurisdiction in criminal matters in the AFSJ?
  • Can useful parallels be drawn with the Brussels Regulation (in the area of private law) given the need to facilitate the mutual recognition of judgments and judicial decisions in criminal matters?
  • Should the transfer of proceedings and ne bis in idem be taken into account?
  • Does an integrated (EU) legal order with citizens’ rights make a difference (‘from conflicts of jurisdiction to choice of forum’)?
  • Is there, and if so, to which extent, a role for European institutions, bodies and agencies?
  • What the role, and rights, of the defendant and victims, are taking into account the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (EUCFR). Does the concept of EU citizenship have added value in this respect?
  • Is there a need for judicial review or ‘justiciability’?

The approved Instrument can be found here.

Project REPORTERS

  • Katalin Ligeti  
  • John Vervaele  
  • André Klip

Working Group

  • Miguel Carmona Ruano 
  • Gilles Cuniberti  
  • Burkhard Hess  
  • Hans-Holger Herrnfeld  
  • Andrea Kenez 
  • Michiel Luchtman 
  • Angelo Marletta  
  • Holger Matt 
  • Jeannot Nies 
  • Pietro Ortolani  
  • Gavin Robinson
  • Michele Simonato  
  • Martin Wasmeier

REPRESENTATIVES OF EUROJUST

  • Catherine Deboyser 
  • José Guerra  
  • Maria Poza Cisneros
  • Pietro Suchan  

REPRESENTATIVES OF EUROPEAN COMMISSION

  • Anna Hodgson
  • Tania Schröter 

REPRESENTATIVE OF EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

  • Massimiliano Mini

ADVISORY COMMITTEE

  • Jean-Philippe Rivaud  
  • Tim O’Sullivan 
  • Anne Weyembergh 
  • Petter Asp 
  • Martin Böse 
  • AAH van Hoek  
  • Maria Kaiafa-Gbandi 
  • Helmut Satzger 
  • Margherita Cassano  
  • Gabor Molnar