Schulze is a Professor of German and European civil law at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster. He is also the director of the Centre of European Private Law (CEP).

Professor Schulze is the former President of the European Law Faculties Association (ELFA), a supervisory board member of the European Centre of Insurance and Tort Law (ECTIL) and member of the Acquis Group.

Professor Schulze is a founding member of the ELI.